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Aircrack-ng is a software suite for analyzing and hacking WiFi networks. Aircrack-ng functionality includes:
Aircrack-ng is one of the penetration tester “tools of choice” available for cracking WEP and WPA-PSK in Windows. Aircrack-ng breaks WEP through the use of statistical mathematical analysis. Aircrack-ng breaks WPA PSK and WPA2 using brute-force attack techniques against known passwords.
Aircrack-ng was initially released in 2006, and it was developed by a hacker known as Mister X. Aircrack-ng was based on an earlier utility called Aircrack. As typical for many products, the “ng” in the name stands for next generation.
Aircrack-ng is one of the penetration testing tools that are built into Kali Linux. Aircrack-ng is openly available for free, so selecting it is an easy decision. There are versions for Windows, Unix, Linux, and macOS. Sometimes users have noted that it might be difficult to install and get used to due to the lack of a graphic user interface.
Aircrack-ng has been around for some time and uses a command-line interface. This may be cumbersome for some users, but once you get past the lack of a graphical user interface you can still successfully leverage the very substantial capability of Aircrack-ng.
This overview requires linux. The aircrack-ng.org website notes that a Windows version exists, but it is very difficult to use.
The setup really requires two basic steps before you start using the aircrack-ng suite:
You must identify the chipset which your current wireless card contains. Even for supported chipsets, some of the functions may not work completely as expected. Once you have determined the chipset in your wireless card then you must determine if the chipset is compatible with the aircrack-ng suite. Then you will know which software drives are compatible with the particular wireless card.
There are generally two manufacturers involved with wireless cards. The first is the brand of the card itself. The second manufacturer is the one that makes the wireless chipset within the card. It is very important to know the wireless chipset manufacturer. Then you can determine which operating systems are supported, which software drivers are required, and any limitations associated with them.
There are a large number of linux distributions available that will support the aircrack-ng suite.
Components of Aircrack-ng
Aircrack-ng is composed of several individual utilities. Some of these are highlighted here:
Please refer to the Aircrack-ng website for complete and up-to-date documentation.
There exist a multitude of alternatives to Aircrack-ng. They include:
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